Archaeologists believe that the Nubian people migrated to Nubia at least 8,000 years ago. Like the Egyptians the Nubians lived alongside the Nile. Nubia’s location between Egypt and southern Africa made an ideal trading center. They traded Northward leopard skin ,feathers ,ostrich eggs ,ivory ,ebony ,spices ,and gold. The Nubians became very good traders because they carried their goods in huge caravans to many distant lands.The common people lived in farming villages ,but the kings and nobles lived in riverside palaces. The villagers houses were very similar to the Egyptians. In the farming villages they would host festivals. Villagers only knew about them if they were invited to it.
For fun the upper class Nubians played board games and threw parties. For the lower class they played with balls and pets that were fun to them at the time. the lower class Nubians could not afford parties like the upper class. The pets they would play with would be dogs, cats, birds, monkeys, goats ,and gazelles.
Egypt and Nubia traded peacefully at first ,but by 2600 BC Egyptian kings claimed all the trade routes in northern Nubia. The reign of Egypt didn’t last long. Nubia became a more powerful kingdom and drove Egypt out of northern Nubia. By 1650 BC Nubia got their independence from Egypt’s grasp. Egypt took over Nubia again and built cities and temples all over Nubia. Under Egypt’s rule the Nubians adopted some of Egypt’s religious beliefs ,writing ,customs ,and clothing.
(This a a picture of sculptures what ancient Nubians are thought to look like.)
(This is a map of Nubia.)
Little is known of the original Nubian religion, but it is believed that Egypt and Nubia had an effect on each others religion. While Egypt had power over Nubia the Nubians were required to offer tribute to the Egyptian gods.It is believed that Nubians formed the basic idea for egyptians religion. Nubians worshiped a variety of gods and goddesses.Some gods were held in common with the Egyptians. A god named
Atom was believed to be the first god on earth.Amun was one of the most important gods, associated with the sun and the forces of nature, and both Egyptians and Nubians worshiped this god. Nubians believed in the afterlife. Objects needed in the next life were often buried with the dead, along with statues of the nubian gods.Nubians also supplied their dead with water and food.
Amon, Anubis, Anuket, Atum, Bastet,
Bes, Geb, Hapy, Hathor, Horus
Isis, Khnum, khonsu, Maat, Mut, Nekhbet,
Nephthys, Nut, Osiris, Ptah,
Re, Satet, Sekhmet, Seth, Shu,
Taweret, Tefnut, Thoth, Wadjet,
(This is a picture of is what is thought to be the Amon. The one standing up.)
The Nubians thought of the Amun as a ram with a sun disk above his head and they believed that the king of Nubia was the son of Amun.
200,000 artifacts were found in Nubia. Pottery was one of the many things found. They found vases, pots, pans, weapons, and scrips! The Weapons they made were made from stone, Iron, and wood. They made swords, knives, and all sorts of different things, but they could have never made this stuff with out their rich soil. Because of the Nile the soil is rich, it allows them to farm. farming then allows them to meet their needs.
There is twenty-three letters in the Nubian alphabet. The first type of Nubian writing was borrowed from lower Egypt, which was once their allie. When Egypt took over Nubia, the people of Nubia learned the Egyptian way of writing.When they were relived of Egypt, they also took Egypt's way of writing and used that to come up with their own. That was their second type of writing.
By: Lyla Klett, Sydney Olson, and Keely Driscoll
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